The US Dept. of Transportation released guidelines for the development of Autonomous Vehicles. This week US DOT released a 116 page guidance document on autonomous vehicles. With the coming digital revolution in transportation the department is working to provide the framework for automakers and high tech industries to develop connected and self driving cars.
The definition of the various levels of vehicle automation are as follows:
Level 1, an automated system on the vehicle can sometimes assist the human driver conduct some parts of the driving task;
Level 2, an automated system on the vehicle can actually conduct some parts of the driving task, while the human continues to monitor the driving environment and performs the rest of the driving task;
Level 3, an automated system can both actually conduct some parts of the driving task and monitor the driving environment in some instances , but the human driver must be ready to take back control when the automated system requests;
Level 4, an automated system can conduct the driving task and monitor the driving environment, and the human need not take back control, but the automated system can operate only in certain environments and under certain conditions;
Level 5, the automated system can perform all driving tasks, under all conditions that a human driver could perform them.
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